所属：九州大学 工学研究院 建設デザイン部門 地圏環境研究室
My Vision and Research Proposal
Our earth is changing rapidly; increasingly influenced by human activities. This change is being driven by a number of dynamics such as increasing population, resource consumption, development and globalization. Perhaps even more than many other dynamic factors, we believe that population growth and related resource consumption are two of greatest concerns. These concerns are threatening climate, biodiversity, natural environment and human health. For the past several years, my research theme has focused on the assessment of environmental impact resulting from energy and resource development in Northern China and this has in turn involved me in the study of sustainable development and environmental conservation in Asia. This research has been performed using the technology of Geographical Information System (GIS), which aims to help establishing land use priorities for developing countries where hazards to life and property; environmental degradation; and financial loss can be reduced.
Now, biodiversity changes are eminent in Asia where the most serious biodiversity loss in the world is observed. At the present time, the program of global COE (center of excellence) of Asian Conservation Ecology has been recognized. Its purpose is to develop global conservation science and to form integrated research groups in order to establish newly integrated research trends emphasizing biodiversity-ecosystem links. Clearly we face a challenge in the future to understand predictive patterns of human activities and their influences upon biodiversity and ecosystems. To meet these challenges, we will all need to participate and to have greater understanding for each other. We need to accept the share of sense of responsibility for what’s going on throughout the earth and we should have to the courage and will to act.
A network of biodiversity observation has been created in Asia as a “supersites” research fields to carry out integrative observations there. These important biodiversity observations maintained by Kyushu University and the University of Tokyo are located in China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. In these “supersites”, we need to carry out biodiversity observations by adopting many methodologies. This is where the technology of GIS is beginning to fulfill a significant role, developing coordinated research by collective efforts within team work and society at large. In such case, GIS is becoming a new medium to understand, communicate and collaborate.
As a member of GCOE program, I have a responsibility to join these research activities and to support research in biodiversity observation at Asian supersites using GIS. With the recent advancement in GIS technology, models of the biodiversity distribution can be constructed efficiently to assess where study efforts may be targeted, to be used as guidance for full investigations of species in biodiversity analysis at supersites, and to assess possible impacts of environmental changes. At the same time, to support data analysis and sustainable data-sharing, a GIS database is desirable to construct using Spatial Database Engine (SDE). Any database that deals with biodiversity information has to be geographically based, and be able to predict their characteristics, indicating potential hot spots. Locating features associated with their attributes allows diverse data to be combined, compared and analyzed in a single GIS database. Because various types of datasets will be stored in the GIS database, sequence of analysis scenario may be performed. Hence, I have to develop database storage and automated assessment systems based on GIS that can be used to analyze the quantity of biodiversity loss at supersites by linking to land-use changes data. To improve information management for Asian conservation ecology, development of GIS server is very significant as an integrative system to distribute maps and web mapping applications. The GIS server will be used to integrate the biodiversity information at supersites in order to improve internal workflows, communicate vital issues, and engage stakeholders.
By all means as a research member, I want to take part in this research program on the Asian conservation ecology. I will actively join and contribute to the GCOE research activities such as international contributions, field investigations, and publishing papers from new findings, and communication with other researchers, graduate students and communities.
R Makino, I. Djamaluddin, T. Esaki. (in press) Study on the Sinkhole Phenomena due to Abandoned Coal Mine at Shallow Depths and its Preventive Measures, Journal of Engineering Geology of Japan
哲郎江崎・牧野隆吾・Ibrahim Djamaluddin・池見洋明 （2010） 地盤沈下，陥没問題に対処する地圏環境技術 －旧産炭地での取組みを事例として－ 応用地質, 第50巻6号：319-328
A. Setianto, T. Esaki, Y. Mitani, I. Djamaluddin, H. Ikemi. (2009) Influence of Geological Condition Study on Development of Surface Subsidence Associated with Block Caving Mining using GIS Analysis, International Journal of JCRM, Vol.5, No.2 : 87-93
T. Esaki, I. Djamaluddin, Y. Mitani. (2008) A GIS-based prediction method to evaluate subsidence-induced damage from coal mining beneath a reservoir, Kyushu, Japan, Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology & Hydrogeology, Vol.41, No.3: 381-392
T. Esaki, I. Djamaluddin, Y. Mitani, X. Zhao. (2006) 石炭採掘による環境保全支援のためのＧＩＳ地盤沈下評価システムの開発, 資源と素材, 第122巻(10/11号)： 513-521